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New paper published on The Journal of Geoethics and Social Geosciences!

We are happy to announce that the Journal of Geoethics and Social Geoscience published its fourth, open access, article on 29 May 2023.

We remind you that this journal is diamond open access and is supported by the IAPG. No Article Processing Charge (APC) is requested to authors and no fee to readers.

The article can be cited as follows:

Cameron, E. (2023). Manfred Max Neef’s Human Scale Development and Geoethics. Journal of Geoethics and Social Geosciences, 1(1), 1–25.


Manfred Max-Neef (1932 – 2019) was a Chilean economist, development scholar and activist who, among other notable contributions, articulated the Human Scale Development approach (HSD), centred on the fulfilment of basic human needs. HSD is based on a separation between the fundamental human needs and the satisfiers of those needs (i.e. ways of actualising/fulfilling them), on a classification/theorization of both the needs and the satisfiers and on a methodology for identifying satisfiers that helps to recognize existing obstacles to the fulfilment of needs, to outline preferred alternatives for the actualisation of those needs and to devise ways for realising these alternatives. This work aims to explore some relationships between HSD and geoethics. It is argued that HSD can support geoethics not only theoretically, but also practically through the identification of (geo)ethically compatible satisfiers of human needs. Geoethics, at the same time, can support HSD again theoretically and practically as well, first of all by helping to resolve conflicts between different choices of satisfiers.


Manfred Max-Neef, Human Scale Development, Basic human needs, Geoethics


Journal of Geoethics and Social Geosciences:

IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics:

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