Videos for triggering a discussion

 

Videos to be used as an online resource to trigger discussion about geoscience issues, with a focus on aspects of interest for geoethics

Videos released by the Project GOAL "Geoethics Outputs and Awareness Learning"
Erasmus+ GOAL video 
"Introduction to geoethics: definition, concepts, and application"
(March 2019)

Silvia Peppoloni, research geologist at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Secretary General of the IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics, introduces the audience to the definition and meaning of geoethics, also from a philosophical point of view; she highlights the main characteristics of geoethics and the concept of responsibility; illustrates the four ethical dimensions of geoethics; describes the themes of geoethics and the fields of its application. 

The video is part of the Intellectual Outputs (IO1) of the European Erasmus+ project GOAL "Geoethics Outcomes and Awareness Learning" (https://goal-erasmus.eu/). IAPG is official partner of the project GOAL.

 

Video

Erasmus+ GOAL video 
"Geoethics and responsible use of geo-resources"
(July 2019)

In this video Giuseppe Di Capua (geologist, technologist at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Treasurer of the IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics) introduces the audience to the geoethical aspects related to responsible use of geo-resources. 

The video is part of the Intellectual Output 1 of the European Erasmus+ project GOAL "Geoethics Outcomes and Awareness Learning" (https://goal-erasmus.eu/).

IAPG is official partner of the project GOAL.

 

Video

Erasmus+ GOAL video 
"Geoethical issues and geoethical dilemmas"
(August 2019)

In this video Silvia Peppoloni (research geologist at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Secretary General of the IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics) introduces the audience to the concepts of geoethical issues and dilemmas. 

The video is part of the Intellectual Outputs (IO1) of the European Erasmus+ project GOAL "Geoethics Outcomes and Awareness Learning" (https://goal-erasmus.eu/). IAPG is official partner of the project GOAL.

 

Video

The use of films and videos in geoscience: risk communication and geoscience education
 
Texts below by Johanna Ickert, Silvia Peppoloni, and Henry Wichura
Videos kindly provided by Johanna Ickert

Introduction

These short videos, whose subject is geoscience, have been designed for different target groups and can encourage the discussion on geoethical aspects of geoscience communication and education.
The language and the images used, the simple explanations, the particular approach that often starts from simple common experiences taken from daily life, aim to bring citizens and society closer to geosciences. They help to demonstrate the potential of geosciences to improve the conditions of human life, to protect the population from hazards, and to push towards more sustainable choices. However, they are not limited to disciplinary knowledge, but show that geoscientific knowledge is often closely interlinked with sociopolitical, cultural, ecological, and economic questions.

Filmmaking as a science communication training tool
The following video examples were produced by early career geoscientists from the International Training Network "ALErT" (Anatolian pLateau climatE and Tectonic hazards) and the International Research Training Group "StRATEGy" (Surface processes, Tectonics and Georesources: The Andean foreland basin of Argentina) in the framework of a science communication training, facilitated by Johanna Ickert (filmasmethod.com), Dr. Henry Wichura, René Arnold, and Anne Hodgson.
This training aimed to help participants to train their communication competencies through the process of filmmaking and to increase their awareness about the ethical, sociopolitical and ecological dimension of their research. Evaluation interviews with participants indicate that science video production can be a valuable training tool, enabling participants to attribute form and meaning to their scientific work. The findings demonstrate gains in narrative skills and audiovisual literacy, normative skills including the ability for self-reflection and reflexivity on individual roles and responsibilities, and interpersonal competencies, that involve social learning, empathy, cultural awareness and skills related to working in inter- and transdisciplinary teams.
The first course took place in November 2016 at the Potsdam University (Germany) for PhD-candidates from "ALErT". Based on the experience from this pilot course, a second workshop was given a month later, again at the Potsdam University, to participants of "StRATEGy". Given the interdisciplinary character of both projects, the participating researchers were from numerous sub-disciplines, such as palaeoclimatology, mineralogy, petrology, seismology, geophysics, geochemistry etc., representing groups of diverse age, nationalities, and origins (and with one-third of the course participants being female).

Videos

 

The whispering of a mountain (3:28) by Louis Desanois
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4J2WmGtxsf8

In this film, a young mineralogist contemplates his field work experiences in an Argentinean mine, where he witnesses several conflicts of interest about the mine's impact on the environment, employment opportunities, land rights, ethical questions etc. Through a personal commentary and deliberately open-ended questions, he critically examines his own role and responsibility as researcher who studies the land and its resources.

The man and the meandering river (4:03) by Marisa Repasch
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJk_1463Ezs

A practical case explained to the public sector: what is the direct impact in real time on the environment as a result of climate change and how do river-dynamics change the landscape and land properties. Through the eyes of an affected farmer in Argentina, the author highlights the dynamics and complexities of river erosion with respect to landscape evolution.

Rock glacier (2:33) by Julia Drewes
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gcYUwCe6Cfc

A short and concise video on how climate change influences the dynamics of a rock glacier and what repercussions it has on the freshwater availabilities for the communities that live nearby or in the valleys downstream. In the light of climate change, the raising of awareness in the public sector about this essential resource is crucial: water.

Listening to Earthquakes (2:27) by Martin Zeckra
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-E9Odxj8dA

This video explains the concept and models of a shaking surface, also known as earthquakes, in a very easy-to-grasp language. It answers questions such as: Where do they come? How can we detect them? And how do they sound like?

Wonderful Earth (1:44) by Ahmad Arnous
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9NVUZHCPCsk

The Earth is a marvellous planet, full of beauty, spectacular landscapes, but also danger and vulnerabilities. This video shows the phenomena of the Earth surface and its interior and mirrors the deep fascination and curiosity of a young geoscientist being involved in the systematics of Earth processes.

The real villain (1:26) by Gino de Gelder
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-fi1tORM0-M

Greece and Turkey have always been strangely in conflict for historical reasons. But let's take a look at the geology that characterises both their areas: who is the real villain? A common geological destiny unites them.

Why geosciences? (1:25) by Ershad Gholamrezaie
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xAIJi2za2Y8

Do geologists only understand dinosaurs and rocks? No, geologists, with their skills and knowledge, are fully involved in exploring the most important global challenges: climate change, natural hazards (like floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, storms), oil exploration, mining, and sustainability. Geosciences serve to understand how the Earth works: that's why they are necessary. This is a video to overcome clichés and prejudices about geologists and geology and to bring the public closer to geosciences.

What would you do in case of an earthquake? (1:44) by Görkem Sivri
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9fh9_ISAwVM

How to emphasize the importance of preventive actions to defend the population against earthquakes? This video starts by making a comparison with a citizen having a heart attack, or suffering from a broken arm - all "normal" circumstances or in the case of an earthquake. Normal actions – asking a relative for help, calling a taxi, or driving to the hospital – are impossible if an earthquake happens: the phone doesn't work, there aren't taxis, roads are blocked, you are isolated. So what do you do? Is there a way out? Yes: let's prepare in advance, let's learn about the possible preventive actions that can make the difference. They can even save your life.

The world doesn't work under laboratory conditions (1:30) by Christopher Bernd
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImQEl721Lf0

Models may not coincide with the reality of natural phenomena. The uncertainty factor is always present. It is important to transfer to the public the meaning of uncertainty in science. The value of science exists only if we are aware of its limits.

The North Anatolian Fault (3:57) by Johanna Ickert
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6IxyLe0PKw&feature=youtu.be

Istanbul is located in one of the highest seismic hazard area in the world, due to its proximity to the North Anatolian Fault. This short animated film portraits Olcay, an early career geoscientist, who developed a passion for earthquake science and its communication to the public. Through her personal experience she discovers why her city is so vulnerable to earthquakes, the importance of building respecting anti-seismic criteria and the consequences of unpreparedness to face seismic events by citizens.

 

Production team: Director: Johanna Ickert; Contributing Researchers: Iain Stewart, David Fernández-Blanco, Johanna Ickert; Motion Graphics: Andrew Berry; Sound design: Philipp Nespital; Speaker: Marianne Graffam; Acknowledgement: This film and the associated doctoral research were generously funded as part of the Marie Curie Integrated Training Network on ‘Anatolian pLateau climatE and Tectonic hazards’ (ALErT).

Link to the Turkish Version: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dg4MkWV83V4&feature=youtu.be

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International Association for Promoting Geoethics

Via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143 Rome (Italy) | iapgeoethics@aol.com

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